By Juan F. Flores
In times where the economic crisis in Puerto Rico is getting worse every day, students from the University of Puerto Rico-Mayagüez (UPRM) are leaving the island looking for better job opportunities in the United States. At the time of making the decision of migrating they encounter big challenges that will allow them to get a better life quality and job opportunities, so they can work in what they studied for.
While most of the jobs in the below states are mainly for different variations of engineering there also many careers in marketing, accounting, operation management and sale.
Located at the southeast of the United States, Georgia is presented as the state with the highest job growth in the period from 2010 to 2012 with a 14.1 percent according to CNN Money. This development is thanks to the highly demanded fields of aerospace, manufacture, renewable energy and entertainment. Many of the companies headquartered in this state within these fields are ranked in the top 500 companies in the United States. Some of these companies include Warner Robins Logistics Center, Coca-Cola, Home Depot, John Deere, Georgia Iron Works, etc.
Actually, Georgia has a population of 9,919,945 according to the last estimates of the Census Bureau of the United States in 2012. This state has annual crime rate of 40 per 1,000 residents for an average of 392,586. These statistical numbers are under the national median with 34 crimes per square mile.
Texas occupies the second place of the states the highest job growth with a 13 percent from 2010 to 2012. It has many important industries such as aerospace, oil, logistic, defense, etc. Companies in Texas have numerous jobs for engineers. Some of them are Exxon Mobil, Phillips 66, AT&T and Dell.
Annually Texas reports an average of 996,372 crimes from a population of 25,674,681 according to the U.S Census Bureau.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Florida reported an unemployment rate of 6.7 on October 2013 occupying the 23th place among the other states. Even though this rate is so high, Florida is positioned between the states of highest job growth with a 12.1 percent from 2010 to 2012.
Despite Florida’s main industry is tourism creating profits up to 87 million dollars in 2011, it has other industries that will grow massively in the next ten years such as marketing, sales and renewable energy, according to a report of Georgetown University. Some big companies located at this state are: World Fuel Services, Harris, Office Depot and NASA.
Florida exceeds the national median of crimes per square mile with 79. It has a crime rate of 40.37 per 1,000 resident putting out a total of 769,399 annually.
Fernando Navarro, undergraduate student of Industrial Engineering from the UPRM, after being in an internship at NASA for two semesters has selected the state of Florida as his future destination after graduating. “I adapted quickly, the tropical weather made me feels like home,” said Navarro.
Located at the northeast of the United States, Maryland shows a high job growth during this year being in the third place among the nation with a 0.4 percent.
The top industries of this are: aerospace, energy production, manufacture and health. Among these industries the most prosperous companies headquartered in Maryland are: Black and Decker, Geico, Marriott Corporation, IBM and Volvo Powertrain.
Annually there is an average of 195,496 crimes in a population of 5,884,563 resulting in a 33.54 crimes per 1,000 residents. Maryland exceeds the national median of crimes per square mile with 67.
Luis Betancourt, a graduate student of Electrical Engineering from the UPRM in 2008, decided to work in the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission on Illinois because of the large Puerto Rican community in the area and the opportunities in the location. “I would say there are over 2-3 thousand UPRM graduates in the region,” added Betancourt.
Despite of having a high unemployment rate of 8.1, Illinois has a numerous quantity of companies that enrich its economy creating 57,300 jobs in the last year.
Agriculture, manufacture, mining and services are the leading industries in their economy. Some of the enterprises that are headquartered in Illinois are Boeing, Abbott Laboratories, Caterpillar, Walgreens and State Farm.
Crime rate in Illinois is 31.18 per 1,000 residents for a total average of 401,272 over the national median with a 44 per square mile.
Diana Betancourt, a graduate student of Chemical engineering from the UPRM in 2006, even though she did not choose her job by the location said the location was a bonus as she lives 45 minutes away Chicago.
These states have been chosen by many professionals due to the numerous opportunities that they offer. This motivates the future graduates to select one of the states as their destination.